Facts About Abdominal Cyst

In order to understand an abdominal cyst, you first need to know about cysts in general.  The epithelium are specialized cells that are on the surfaces of tissues such as glands and organs.  If the epithelial cells become overgrown, a cyst develops. 

Cysts can remain embedded in the tissue on which they developed, or they can become detached from that tissue and circulate throughout the body.  Sometimes they become lodged in places in the body, like between different tissues and then they cause pressure and sometimes pain.

Cysts are really just lumps or sacs of fluid and semi-solid materials.  The fluid is surrounded by a very thin membrane.  Most cysts are benign, or non-cancerous, but they should be checked by a doctor.  An abdominal cyst can usually be detected by an ultrasound, which is a painless and not an invasive procedure.  Sometimes the cyst will require removal, but most of the time removal isn’t necessary.  Some cysts even go away on their own with time.

It is very common for women to have ovarian cysts, which is a form of an abdominal cyst.  This cyst forms on the follicles of the ovary.  They may be on both sides, or just one ovary.  Most women will develop these at some point in their lives, but they usually have them during their childbearing years.  Ovarian cysts are very likely to be benign, but they can be painful and they can cause bleeding.  Removal of ovarian cysts is done surgically, but it is not a complicated procedure and it can be done without general anesthesia.  Surgical removal is only necessary is they are too painful or if they become too large.

A more rare type of abdominal cyst is called a mesenteric cyst.  This cyst develops in the mesentery, which is the area of the peritoneum cavity that surrounds the intestinal tract.  It extends to the rectum from the duodenum.  A person with this type of cyst may have a lymphatic system with impaired functioning.  The bladder and kidneys may be involved with this type of cyst.  Due to the fact that the presence of this cyst may indicate a more serious problem and that the kidneys and bladder may be affected, it is important to have this cyst examined and treated.

Another rare abdominal cyst is called an omental cyst.  This one usually develops in the part of the abdominal wall near the stomach and colon.  These are also very rare cysts and can be easily removed without major surgery.

A far more common type of abdominal cyst is a fetal abdominal cyst.  This happens in neonatal infants and it is more often found during an ultrasound while the baby is still in utero.  Any type of news like this is bound to alarm a soon to be mother, but these cysts are actually pretty common, especially in female babies due to the elevated hormone levels.  Surgical or medical intervention is usually not needed as fetal abdominal cysts usually dissolve soon after birth.  If the cyst or cysts become large and threaten to cut off the blood supply, medical intervention is not usually needed.  These cysts rarely develop into cancers, but continued ultrasounds can generally detect cancerous growth at an early stage.

Many abdominal cysts are common and do not pose any danger.  But, there is no way to tell if it is just a cyst or if it is a tumor without medical attention.  Cysts should also be examined and watched since there is the possibility that they can become cancerous.  The development of some types of cysts can also indicate that there is an underlying health condition that may need attention.  The most common problems that cysts present is that they can cause pain.